Assimilating Experiencing Reproducing Analysing BASE
Developing a personal view on what war is like, and its consequences.
The starting point of social training. Getting aware of the kind of
consequences the First World War had on our society and our way of
Acquiring on the spot personal experience, e.g. on restored sites.
Stepping stones to deal with the acquired experience.
Memorising and interpreting the acquired information in a personal way.
How not to waste the acquired knowledge immediately. Reporting on the
First World War through stories and perception.
Relating the several aspects of war. Getting to know about the
complexity of war. Interpreting the influence war has on humans and
nature. Relating the role of different factors such as weather and
terrain, to battles, constructions and burial places.
The educational service of the Memorial Museum Passendale 1917 doesn't
differentiate much between the final grades of primary schools and the
first grades of secondary schools. The main reason for this is that a
lot depends on different teaching standards and foreknowledge in
relation to the First World war. We do however mention the level of
difficulty of the questions in the workbooks. The package (for the time
being) includes four units:
°didactic guidelines: to be used by the teacher in the classroom as
background information for a (series of ) lesson(s) about the First
World War, with papers for the pupils.
°museum guide: an aid to a visit to the museum, possibly also as
preparation to the visit, with papers for the pupils
°modules: a choice from the offer, with papers for pupils
°educational box: box to be hired with tangible objects, especially for
Our primary document about the
First World War in education, is a didactic guide aimed at teachers in
the first place. In this document we try to disentangle the complexity
of war into comprehensible units. These items can also be the starting
point for a gripping class in which one specific subject can be worked
out. Added to the guide are a few exercises for pupils by means of
which the acquired information can be further worked out in an active
way. A number of papers not only fit in history classes, but also in
language classes, art education, biology and technology. It's an ideal
package offer to deal with the First World War. Obviously the teacher
is each time provided with keys to the questions and exercises.
The guide can be obtained in the
museum. To understand or use this guide, no foreknowledge is needed.
However, somebody with some background knowledge will still find new
approaches and information about the First World War. This guide goes
with both the final grades of primary school and the first grades of
secondary school. It's up to the teacher to make a selection of the
In the Memorial Museum Passendale 1917, a lot of information about the
First World War in general and about the Battle of Passendale in
particular is available. In the first part of the museum a
chronological outline is presented by means of original relics and
vivid tableaux supported by conveniently arranged display boards, maps
and audiovisual material. In the second part the visitor is catapulted
back into the past. He ends up in a trench and a dug-out in which with
tableaux and realistic sounds, a genuine situation is created six
metres below the hell of Passendale. This is a unique experience. The
museum guide helps the teacher through the museum, room after room. In
this way he/she can add a personal emphasis during the visit. The
papers are drawn up for each room, mentioning each time the level of
The guidebook is added free to the
museum booking. A visit before is highly recommended, so as to be able
to prepare the excursion in the best possible way. Teachers prospecting
get free admission to the museum. Pupils pay 3 euros each for their
visit. Teachers and companions get in free.
After the introduction into history at the museum, you can explore the
area. There, thousands of graves bear witness of the appalling
consequences of war. Remnants of constructions such as bunkers and
trenches allow genuine experience. They offer a good idea of the
reality of war. The brief modules with guidelines, papers and keys
provide the necessary support to explore the sites in the best
circumstances. Here too room for personal emphasis is possible, because
the teachers can choose from the modules available and put together
their own package. These modules are conceived as teaching dialogues.
Also questions are added which pupils should be able to answer
If you book a visit to particular
sites in combination with a visit to the museum, you get the additional
modules and questions free. Visiting most sites is free but for
Bayernwald and the underground bunker Cryer Farm (each 1 euro pp).
Cryer farm is only accessible with a museum guide because it is
privately owned. A previous visit by the teacher is also recommended.
The latest initiative is an
educational box containing tangible objects. In this way pupils can
experience for themselves how much some objects weigh, how they smell
and feel. Each object is the starting point to deal with a particular
aspect of war. For the lower grades there's a game-of-goose set in the
box and a history story leading to a listening period in the classroom.
It's about a child in a war zone, a story that appeals a lot to a
pupil's world. Finally there's a media CD with a brief documentary and
a few songs from the war. The music illustrates the emotional state of
a soldier better than words could do. The contents of the box can be
used to plan a self-made exhibition, a theme week or a school project.
The use of this box only costs 7.5
euros a week. A deposit of 200 euros however will be required, to be
paid back at the handing in of the box. We advise to book this box in
If you visit the museum for the
first time or want expert support, you can always use the services of
trained guides of the Memorial Museum Passendale 1917. Generally
speaking, these are (ex) teachers or educators with a thorough
knowledge of the First World War.
A guide to the Memoriam Museum
costs 50 euros per visit, with a maximum charge of 80 euros for half a
day, and 120 euros for a full day. For a coach with 50 pupils one guide
is sufficient. For a museum visit the party will be split up for
practical reasons and a second guide is required with a supplement for
The total charge will then amount to 120 + 50 = 170 euros.
- further development of the
modules on offer.
- opening a specialised
documentation centre about the battle of Passendale with reference
works, regimental records, and thousands of personal files.
- 'The Road to Passendale': an
experience-orientated theme walk from the Memorial Museum up to the
newly opened visitor's centre at Tyne Cot Cemetery. In between lies the
historical battlefield of 4 October 1917. From 2007 on it will be
possible to walk again one day out of the battle in historical uniform
and with marching kit. For schools a special one day package along this
track is worked out with trenches, bunkers etc. Pupils get to know
about the role of the terrain, and of course, for lunch authentic
soldier's food is served.
- 'Living History': in the same
way 'living history' will be further worked out for the instruction of
both youngsters and adults. At fixed periods there are evocations at
Zonnebeke during which specialised groups re-enact history including
encampments, field kitchen, drill, dressing station, and
demonstrations. The special thing about 'living history' is that as a
visitor you can experience what is shown 'in real time'. You can make
your own choice, walking into history as if it were. The experience of
'living history' can never be matched by traditional techniques or
multimedia. Inquire each time with us about the oncoming events. Top of
the bill is the yearly museum weekend at the end of April at Zonnebeke,
attended by thousands of persons interested.
For further information:
Memorial Museum Passchendaele
051 77 04 41
051 78 07 50 (fax)